Stovin v Wise [1996]

House of Lords held failure of public authority to
exercise statutory power (or even statutory duty) will not give rise to common
law duty.
House of Lords reaffirmed rule that there is no general
duty to act for benefit of others.
Lord Hoffman gave three reasons:
1.  Political –
Invasion of freedom.
2.  Moral – Why
pick on one person when large class of people might have been able to help?
3.  Economic – Liability
to pay for loss for negligent conduct acts
as a deterrent and reduces externalities.
But no similar justification for requiring a person
who is not doing anything to spend money on someone else.