end of trial that defendant was brother of her neighbour.
not influence her thinking during trial.
against his conviction.
relating to bias.
applied in all cases of apparent bias (whether justices, tribunals etc).
was a real danger of bias on part of
relevant member of tribunal, in sense that he might unfairly regard with favour
or disfavour the party before him.
to convey idea that a possibility rather than a probability would suffice.
formulate test in terms of reasonable man, because court personified reasonable
man and also court had to ascertain relevant circumstances from evidence which
might not be available to the ordinary observer.