Barnard v National Dock Labour Board [1953]

NDLB
lawfully delegated power to local Boards.
Latter
purported to delegate these to Port Manager.
Port
Manager suspended plaintiff from work.
Court
of Appeal held this to be unlawful.
While
administrative function could often be delegated, judicial function (as here)
can rarely be.
Nor
can NDLB ratify actions of manager –
Effect
of ratification is to make it equal to a prior command; but just as prior
command in shape of delegation would be useless, so also is a ratification.